Antiferromagnetic bipolar semiconductor LaMnPO with ZrCuSiAs-type structure

Hiroshi Yanagi, Takumi Watanabe, Katsuaki Kodama, Satoshi Iikubo, Shin Ichi Shamoto, Toshio Kamiya, Masahiro Hirano, Hideo Hosono

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

44 Citations (Scopus)


Electronic and magnetic properties of a layered compound LaMnPO are examined in relation to a newly discovered iso-structural superconductor LaFeAs(P)O. Neutron diffraction measurements, together with temperature dependent magnetic susceptibility, clarify that LaMnPO is an antiferromagnet at least up to 375 K. The spin moment of a Mn ion is determined to be 2.26 μB at room temperature, and the spin configuration is antiparallel in the Mn-P plane and parallel between the Mn-P planes, which is rather different from that of LaFeAsO. Optical absorption spectra, photoemission spectra, and temperature dependent electrical conductivity indicate that LaMnPO is a semiconductor. Furthermore, nominally undoped LaMnPO exhibits n -type conduction while the conduction type is changed by doping of Cu or Ca to the La sites, indicating that LaMnPO is a bipolar conductor. Density functional calculation using the GGA+U approximation supports the above conclusions; the electronic band structure has an open band gap and the antiferromagnetic spin configuration is more stable than the ferromagnetic one.

Original languageEnglish
Article number093916
JournalJournal of Applied Physics
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 2009
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)


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