Background/Aims: The presence of antibodies to the 210-kDa glycoprotein of the nuclear pore complex (gp210) is highly indicative of primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC). However, the significance of anti-gp210 antibody titers for monitoring PBC remains unresolved. Methods: We used an ELISA with a gp210 C-terminal peptide as an antigen to assess serum antibody titers in 71 patients with PBC. Results: Patients were classified into three groups: Group A in whom anti-gp210 titers were sustained at a high level, Group B in whom anti-gp210 status changed from positive to negative under ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA) therapy, Group C in whom anti-gp210 antibodies were negative at the time of diagnosis. The rate of progression to end-stage hepatic failure was significantly higher in group A (60%) as compared to groups B (0%) and C (4.2%). The sustained antibody response to gp210 was closely associated with the severity of interface hepatitis. The significance of anti-gp210 antibody was confirmed by National Hospital Organization Study Group for Liver Disease in Japan. Conclusions: The serial quantitation of serum anti-gp210-C-terminal peptide antibodies is useful for monitoring the effect of UDCA and for the early identification of patients at high risk for end-stage hepatic failure.
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