Anti-monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 gene therapy attenuates pulmonary hypertension in rats

Yasuhiro Ikeda, Yoshikazu Yonemitsu, Chu Kataoka, Shiro Kitamoto, Terutoshi Yamaoka, Ken Ichi Nishida, Akira Takeshita, Kensuke Egashira, Katsuo Sueishi

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101 Citations (Scopus)


Monocyte/macrophage chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1), a potent chemoattractant chemokine and an activator for mononuclear cells, may play a role in the initiation and/or progression of pulmonary hypertension (PH). To determine whether blockade of a systemic MCP-1 signal pathway in vivo may prevent PH, we intramuscularly transduced a naked plasmid encoding a 7-NH2 terminus-deleted dominant negative inhibitor of the MCP-1 (7ND MCP-1) gene in monocrotaline-induced PH. We also simultaneously gave a duplicate transfection at 2-wk intervals or skeletal muscle-directed in vivo electroporation (EP) to evaluate whether a longer or higher expression might be more effective. The intramuscular reporter gene expression was enhanced 10 times over that by EP than by simple injection, and a significant 7ND MCP-1 protein in plasma was detected only in the EP group. 7ND MCP-1 gene transfer significantly inhibited the progression of MCT-induced PH as evaluated by right ventricular systolic pressure, right ventricular hypertrophy, medial hypertrophy of pulumonary arterioles, and mononuclear cell infiltration into the lung. Differential effects of longer or higher transgene expression were not apparent. Although the in vivo kinetics of 7ND MCP-1 gene therapy should be studied further, these encouraging results suggest that an anti-inflammatory strategy via blockade of the MCP-1 signal pathway may be an alternative approach to treat subjects with PH.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)H2021-H2028
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Issue number5 52-5
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1 2002

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physiology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)


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