Angiogenin expression in human colorectal cancer: The role of focal macrophage infiltration

T. Etoh, K. Shibuta, G. F. Barnard, S. Kitano, M. Mori

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125 Citations (Scopus)


Tumor angiogenesis is essential for tumor growth and tumor metastasis, and it depends on angiogenic factors produced by tumor cells and/or infiltrating cells in tumor tissue. In this study, we evaluated the clinical significance of the expression of angiogenin, which is a potent angiogenic protein, and the relationship between its mRNA expression and focal macrophage infiltration in colorectal cancer. Furthermore, we investigated the induction of angiogenin mRNA expression by proinflammatory cytokines mainly produced by inflammatory cells in tumor tissues. When we examined the relatlonship between the mRNA expression of angiogenin, by semiquantitative reverse transcription-PCR, and clinicopathological features in 65 patients with colorectal cancer, there was a significant difference in the vascular involvement, lymph node metastasis, liver metastasis, and advanced stage in patients with high-expression of angiogenin compared with low expression (P < 0.05). With regard to prognosis, the survival time for subjects in the high angiogenin mRNA group (tumor:normal ratio >1.9) was significantly worse (P < 0.05). When we examined the localization of angiogenin in colorectal cancer, immunohistochemical analysis in 65 patients with colorectal cancer revealed that angiogenin was predominantly expressed in cancer cells compared with stromal cells or normal tissues. The intensity of staining of angiogenin was significantly correlated with microvessel counts and focal macrophage infiltration counts (P < 0.05). In an in vitro study, interleukin-1β and tumor necrosis factor-α induced angiogenin mRNA expression in colon cancer cells in a dose- and time-dependent manner, and these cytokines significantly up-regulated the expression of angiogenin mRNA, especially in colon cancer cells rather than in other cells in the stroma of tumor tissues (fibroblasts, tumor infiltrating lymphocytes, macrophages). These results suggest that tumor angiogenesis in colorectal cancer may be advanced, at least in part, by angiogenin induced by proinflammatory cytokines derived from infiltrating macrophages.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3545-3551
Number of pages7
JournalClinical Cancer Research
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 2000
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research


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