Analysis of visitation frequency through particle tracking method based on LES and model experiment

S. Kato, K. Ito, S. Murakami

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

53 Citations (Scopus)


As ventilation efficiency in a room is not always uniformly distributed, an index for measuring ventilation efficiency at a concerned point or in a concerned local domain is required. Local ventilation efficiency is often represented by the rate of the averaged concentration of the local domain to that of exhausted air from the room. From the age theory of air, it is well known that the averaged concentration in a room corresponds to the mean staying time of contaminant. Evaluating the domain-averaged concentration (C domain) means evaluating the average staying time of the contaminant in the domain. It can be only one part of the whole room and can be considered as an occupied zone. Visitation frequency (VF) and the average staying time of the contaminant for one visitation in the local domain (Tp) are introduced to analyze the average staying time of the contaminant in the local domain. The value of VF is strongly affected by the position of the local domain in the room; that is, the position of the local domain in the whole flow field of the room. Tp represents the property of the flow pattern in the local domain. As the indication of VF and Tp represent the mechanism for forming the domain-averaged concentration, they are deeply related to local purging flow rate, which represents the airflow rate for defining the domain-averaged concentration. As VF and Tp are related to the contaminant transportation property, it is effective to analyze them by particle tracking method. A CFD method of large eddy simulation (LES) was thereby carried out in this study. The prediction result by LES is also validated by a precise model experiment. In this paper, the detailed analysis of VF and Tp is carried out on the basis of the particle tracking method utilizing the LES result in order to clarify the mechanism of the domain-averaged concentration. The analyzed room has one supply inlet and one exhaust outlet. A clear re-circulating flow, generated by the forced ventilation, is observed in the room. The value of VF is examined with three types of local domains in the room model. In the room model, VF shows a value of 5.70 when the local domain occupies half of the room. It becomes smaller when the size of the local domain is reduced.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)182-193
Number of pages12
JournalIndoor Air
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2003
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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