We recently demonstrated, using synthetic peptides modeled on the extension peptide of malate dehydrogenase, that amino acid residues present at the proximal and distal positions relative to the cleavage site are critical determinants for the recognition of substrates by mitochondrial processing peptidase [Niidome et al. (1994) J. Biol. Chem. 269, 24719-24722). While the proximal arginine is unexceptionally located at the -2 position, the position of the distal residue varies among mitochondrial precursor proteins. Between the proximal and distal residues, proline and/or glycine are present in most mitochondrial precursor proteins, and they are considered to play a role in the specific recognition of a substrate by the peptidase. To elucidate the role of the intervening portion, we introduced a non-natural amino acid [2-(2-aminoethoxy)acetic acid] between the distal and proximal residues. We also analyzed the functional elements in the proximal arginine by replacing the residue with various arginine or lysine analogs. The results of kinetic studies indicated that the intervening portion should be flexible for efficient processing, and that the guanidino group of the proximal arginine is recognized by the peptidase through hydrogen and ionic bonds.
|Number of pages
|Journal of biochemistry
|Published - 1999
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- General Medicine