Analysis of click-stream data to predict STEM careers from student usage of an intelligent tutoring system

Jihed Makhlouf, Tsunenori Mine

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


In recent years, we have seen the continuous and rapid increase of job openings in Science, Technology, Engineering and Math (STEM)-related fields. Unfortunately, these positions are not met with an equal number of workers ready to fill them. Efforts are being made to find durable solutions for this phenomena, and they start by encouraging young students to enroll in STEM college majors. However, enrolling in a STEM major requires specific skills in math and science that are learned in schools. Hopefully, institutions are adopting educational software that collects data from the students' usage. This gathered data will serve to conduct analysis and detect students' behaviors, predict their performances and their eventual college enrollment. As we will outline in this paper, we used data collected from the students' usage of an Intelligent Tutoring System to predict whether they would pursue a career in STEM-related fields. We conducted different types of analysis called “problem-based approach” and “skill-based approach”. The problem-based approach focused on evaluating students' actions based on the problems they solved. Likewise, in the skill-based approach we evaluated their usage based on the skills they had practiced. Furthermore, we investigated whether comparing students' features with those of their peer schoolmates can improve the prediction models in both the skill-based and the problem-based approaches. The experimental results showed that the skill-based approach with school aggregation achieved the best results with regard to a combination of two metrics which are the Area Under the Receiver Operating Characteristic Curve (AUC) and the Root Mean Squared Error (RMSE).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-18
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of Educational Data Mining
Publication statusPublished - Aug 22 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Education
  • Computer Science Applications


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