Analysis of Chemotactic Property of CCN2/CTGF in Intramembranous Osteogenesis

Nobuo Takeshita, Teruko Takano-Yamamoto

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


Chemotaxis is a directed migration of cells in response to a gradient of extracellular molecules called chemoattractants. Development, growth, remodeling, and fracture healing of bones are advanced through intramembranous osteogenesis. Chemotaxis of preosteoblasts toward future bone formation sites observed in the early stage of intramembranous osteogenesis is a critical cellular process for normal bone formation. However, molecular biological mechanisms of the chemotaxis of preosteoblasts are not fully understood. We have recently clarified, for the first time, the critical role of the cellular communication network factor 2 (CCN2)/connective tissue growth factor (CTGF)-integrin α5-Ras axis for chemotaxis of preosteoblasts during new bone formation through intramembranous osteogenesis. In this chapter, we describe in detail the procedures of the in vivo and in vitro assays to investigate the chemotactic property of CCN2/CTGF and its underlying molecular biological mechanisms during intramembranous osteogenesis.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationMethods in Molecular Biology
PublisherHumana Press Inc.
Number of pages17
Publication statusPublished - 2023

Publication series

NameMethods in Molecular Biology
ISSN (Print)1064-3745
ISSN (Electronic)1940-6029

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics


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