An organic-inorganic hybrid scaffold for the culture of HepG2 cells in a bioreactor

Ken Kataoka, Yoshitaka Nagao, Takamasa Nukui, Ichiro Akiyama, Kanji Tsuru, Satoshi Hayakawa, Akiyoshi Osaka, Nam Ho Huh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

68 Citations (Scopus)


Much interest has recently been shown in the potential utility of bioartificial liver (BAL) as a bridge support for patients and as a module for experimental purposes. A radial-flow bioreactor (RFB), one of the perfused bed/scaffold-type bioreactors, enables a highly functional three-dimensional culture as BAL. The functional capacity of bioreactors depends not only on their mechanistic structures but also on scaffolds packed in them. In the present study, we examined the possible utility of a new porous organic-inorganic-hybrid scaffold in an RFB. The scaffold was made from tetraethoxysilane (TEOS) and polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) by a sol-gel method using sieved sucrose particles as a porogen. In the porous TEOS-PDMS hybrid scaffold, human hepatocellular carcinoma cells (HepG2) proliferated actively and formed cell clusters more efficiently than they did in a polyvinyl-alcohol scaffold. When cultivated in PDMS-TEOS, HepG2 cells secreted a ∼three-fold greater amount of albumin than that secreted in a monolayer culture. For potential application of BAL to pharmacological studies and future clinical use, it is essential to develop a method to propagate liver cells that maintain highly specific functions. The present results indicate that PDMS-TEOS may be a promising scaffold for developing such functional culture methods.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2509-2516
Number of pages8
Issue number15
Publication statusPublished - May 2005
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Bioengineering
  • Biophysics
  • Biomaterials


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