The characteristics of flow pattern, heat transfer and pressure drop in the case of evaporation of HCFC22 inside a horizontal tube are experimentally revealed. The experiment is conducted with a double-tube evaporator, where the refrigerant flows inside the inner tube and the heating water flows countercurrently in the surrounding annulus. The inner tube is an internally grooved copper tube having a 9.52 mm o. d. and an 8.72 mm mean i. d. The ranges tested for the refrigerant are as follows : the mass velocity of 110 to 220kg/m2s, vapor pressure of 0.4 to 0.65 MPa and the heat flux of 5 to 35 kW/m2. The flow pattern observed through sight glasses changes from the wavy-annular type to the annular type and then to the mist flow type as the evaporation progresses along the tube. These transitions of flow patterns occur at much lower values of vapor qualities than those predicted from the Baker map modified by Scott for a smooth tube. The heat transfer coefficients in the wavy-annular and annular regions are about 2 to 4 times higher than those of smooth tubes, and are expressed as a simple function of Lockhart-Martinelli's parameter and a newly derived equation for the single-phase heat transfer coefficient. The empirical equation for the heat transfer coefficient in the mist flow region is also presented. The accuracy of these equations along with the value of the transition quality is confirmed in the comparison between design calculations and experimental data.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Transactions of the Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers Series B|
|Publication status||Published - 1993|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Mechanical Engineering