An approach in predicting reactions undergone by coal volatiles in a reducing section (reductor) of an air-blown two-stage entrained flow gasifier toward designing a better gasification process was proposed. A detailed chemical kinetic model was applied to simulate chemical reactions of a complex molecular mixture of the coal volatiles evolved due to rapid pyrolysis of coal fed into the reductor. The composition of volatiles was determined based on pyrolysis-gas chromatography experiments, where 22 compounds, including inorganic gases (H2, H2O, CO and CO2), light hydrocarbon gases (C1–C4), and aromatic hydrocarbons (benzene to pyrene) were identified. Gas composition at the reductor inlet was estimated by integrating the information on the experimentally obtained molecular composition of the volatiles, and the thermodynamically calculated composition of inorganic gases generated from the combustor and the coal feeding rates into reductor and combustor. Concentration profiles of the individual chemical species, as well as soot particles together with the flow direction of the reductor, were revealed using an extended detailed chemical kinetic model involving 202 species, 1351 gas-phase reactions, and 101 surface reactions for soot formation and growth. The simulation revealed that near-complete decomposition of tar regarded as a set of all aromatic hydrocarbons is likely to require operation temperature of the reductor at temperatures as high as 1200°C, when the combustor is operated at 1800°C.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Chemical Engineering(all)