Amphotericin B-sterol conjugates were synthesized and examined for their membrane permeabilizing activity. Ergosterol and cholesterol, each connected with amphotericin B via an ethylenecarbamate or hexamethylenecarbamate linker, were examined by K+ flux assays using liposomes and by single-channel recording across phospholipid membrane. Among four conjugates tested, AmB-ergosterol bearing an ethylenecarbamate linker exhibited the most powerful activity, which substantially exceeded that of the cholesterol homolog. Single-channel recording clearly exhibited that the ergosterol conjugate elicited channel current with the conductance of 28 pS, which was comparable with those by AmB, and revealed a higher channel open probability than the cholesterol conjugate. These results imply that direct interaction between amphotericin B and ergosterol is reproduced by their conjugate, which may serve as a model compound for understanding the drug's selective toxicity.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Medicine
- Molecular Biology
- Drug Discovery
- Clinical Biochemistry