Ammonia-Induced Seed Layer Transformations in a Hydrothermal Growth Process of Zinc Oxide Nanowires

Quanli Liu, Takao Yasui, Kazuki Nagashima, Takeshi Yanagida, Mitsuo Hara, Masafumi Horiuchi, Zetao Zhu, Hiromi Takahashi, Taisuke Shimada, Akihide Arima, Yoshinobu Baba

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)


Ammonia is a well-known additive to promote crystal growth in hydrothermal synthesis of ZnO nanowires. Although the effect of ammonia on the nanowire growth has been intensively investigated, its influence on the seed layer, which governs the initial nanowire growth, is rarely discussed. Here, we demonstrate that ammonia strongly affects the seed layer as well as the following nanowire growth. On increasing the ammonia concentration, the nanowire density first increases and then decreases, while the nanowire growth rate keeps increasing. Experimental results and thermodynamic calculations of the initial growth process reveal that the transformation of the seed layer induced by ammonia prior to nucleation critically determines the nanowire density and thus also influences the following nanowire growth. Present results highlight the critical importance of discussing the variation of seed layers in ammonia-involved hydrothermal synthesis and suggest a novel seed engineering approach for tailoring the ZnO nanowire growth.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)20563-20568
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry C
Issue number37
Publication statusPublished - Sept 17 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Energy(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films


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