Amiloride inhibits hydrogen peroxide-induced Ca2+ responses in human CNS pericytes

Kuniyuki Nakamura, Masahiro Kamouchi, Takanari Kitazono, Junya Kuroda, Yuji Shono, Noriko Hagiwara, Tetsuro Ago, Hiroaki Ooboshi, Setsuro Ibayashi, Mitsuo Iida

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)


The aims of the present study were to investigate the mechanisms of Ca2+ signaling caused by hydrogen peroxide in CNS pericytes. In cultured human brain microvascular pericytes, cytosolic Ca2+ concentration was measured by means of fura-2 fluorescence. Reverse transcription and polymerase chain reaction was performed to examine the expression of mRNA. Knockdown of Na+/H+ exchanger (NHE) was done by transfecting the cells with specific double-strand siRNAs for NHE. Externally applied hydrogen peroxide dose-dependently (100 μM-10 mM) increased cytosolic Ca2+ in human CNS pericytes. Cytosolic Ca2+ remained high after wash-out of hydrogen peroxide. However, the addition of dithiothreitol rapidly reversed cytosolic Ca2+ to the resting level. The hydrogen peroxide-induced Ca2+ increase was not inhibited by nicardipine, Gd3+, La3+, or omission of external Ca2+. Neither thapsigargin nor carbonyl cyanide 4-trifluoromethoxyphenylhydrazone attenuated the hydrogen peroxide-induced Ca2+ rise. Amiloride and its derivatives, benzamil and hexamethylene amiloride reversed the hydrogen peroxide-induced Ca2+ increase. Human CNS pericytes expressed acid sensing ion channel (ASIC) 1a, Na+/Ca2+ exchanger (NCX) 1, Na+/H+ exchanger (NHE) 1, and NHE7. However, the removal of external Na+, treatment with KB-R 7943 and mibefradil, or knockdown of NHE1 and NHE7 did not affect the hydrogen peroxide-induced Ca2+ increase. Hydrogen peroxide releases Ca2+ from intracellular Ca2+ pool via an amiloride-sensitive protein, which is controlled by oxidation of thiol group in human CNS pericytes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)327-334
Number of pages8
JournalMicrovascular Research
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - May 2009

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Cell Biology


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