Aluminium phosphide as a eutectic grain nucleus in hypoeutectic Al-Si alloys

Kazuhiro Nogita, Stuart D. McDonald, Katsuhiro Tsujimoto, Kazuhiro Yasuda, Arne K. Dahle

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

133 Citations (Scopus)


Aluminium phosphide (AlP) particles are often suggested to be the nucleation site for eutectic silicon in Al-Si alloys, since both the crystal structure and lattice parameter of AlP (crystal structure: cubic F43m; lattice parameter: 5.421 Å) are close to that of silicon (cubic Fd3m, 5.431 Å), and the melting point is higher than the Al-Si eutectic temperature. However, the crystallographic relationships between AlP particles and the surrounding eutectic silicon are seldom reported due to the difficulty in analysing the AlP particles, which react with water during sample preparation for polishing. In this study, the orientation relationships between AlP and Si are analysed by transmission electron microscopy using focused ion-beam milling for sample preparation to investigate the nucleation mechanism of eutectic silicon on AlP The results show a clear and direct lattice relationship between centrally located AlP particles and the surrounding silicon in the hypoeutectic Al-Si alloy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)361-369
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Electron Microscopy
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2004

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Instrumentation


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