Objective: Our previous study of monaural auditory evoked magnetic fields (AEFs) demonstrated that hippocampal sclerosis significantly modulated auditory processing in patients with mesial temporal lobe epilepsy (mTLE). However, the small sample size (n = 17) and focus on the M100 response were insufficient to elucidate the lateralization of the epileptic focus. Therefore, we increased the number of patients with mTLE (n = 39) to examine whether neural synchronization induced by monaural pure tone stimulation provides useful diagnostic information about epileptic foci in patients with unilateral mTLE. Methods: Twenty-five patients with left mTLE, 14 patients with right mTLE, and 32 healthy controls (HCs) were recruited. Auditory stimuli of 500-Hz tone burst were monaurally presented to subjects. The AEF data were analyzed with source estimation of M100 responses in bilateral auditory cortices (ACs). Neural synchronization within ACs and between ACs was evaluated with phase-locking factor (PLF) and phase-locking value (PLV), respectively. Linear discriminant analysis was performed for diagnosis and lateralization of epileptic focus. Results: The M100 amplitude revealed that patients with right mTLE exhibited smaller M100 amplitude than patients with left mTLE and HCs. Interestingly, PLF was able to differentiate the groups with mTLE, with decreased PLFs in the alpha band observed in patients with right mTLE compared with those (PLFs) in patients with left mTLE. Right hemispheric predominance was confirmed in both HCs and patients with left mTLE while patients with right mTLE showed a lack of right hemispheric predominance. Functional connectivity between bilateral ACs (PLV) was reduced in both patients with right and left mTLE compared with that of HCs. The accuracy of diagnosis and lateralization was 80%–90%. Conclusion: Auditory cortex subnormal function was more pronounced in patients with right mTLE compared with that in patients with left mTLE as well as HCs. Monaural AEFs can be used to reveal the pathophysiology of mTLE. Overall, our results indicate that altered neural synchronization may provide useful information about possible functional deterioration in patients with unilateral mTLE.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Clinical Neurology
- Behavioral Neuroscience