Alfvénic superradiance for a monopole magnetosphere around a Kerr black hole

Sousuke Noda, Yasusada Nambu, Masaaki Takahashi, Takuma Tsukamoto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Herein, we explore superradiance for Alfvén waves (Alfvénic superradiance) in an axisymmetric rotating magnetosphere of a Kerr black hole within the force-free approximation. On the equatorial plane of the Kerr spacetime, the Alfvén wave equation is reduced to a one-dimensional Schrödinger-type equation by separating variables of the wave function and introducing a tortoise coordinate mapping the inner and outer light surfaces to -∞ and +∞, respectively, and we investigate a wave scattering problem for Alfvén waves. An analysis of the asymptotic solutions of the wave equation and conservation of the Wronskian provides the superradiant condition for Alfvén waves, and it is shown that the condition coincides with that for the Blandford-Znajek process. This indicates that when Alfvénic superradiance occurs, the Blandford-Znajek process also occurs in the force-free magnetosphere. Then, we evaluate the reflection rate of Alfvén waves numerically and confirm that Alfvénic superradiance is indeed possible in the Kerr spacetime. Moreover, we will discuss a resonant scattering of Alfvén waves, which is related to a "quasinormal mode"of the magnetosphere.

Original languageEnglish
Article number064018
JournalPhysical Review D
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Mar 15 2022
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics


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