Al-doped ZnO film as a transparent conductive substrate in indoline-sensitized nanoporous ZnO solar cell

B. Onwona-Agyeman, M. Nakao, G. R.A. Kumara, T. Kitaoka

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


We have deposited porous ZnO films on aluminum-doped ZnO (ZnO/AZO) and fluorine-doped tin oxide (ZnO/FTO) transparent substrates, and annealed both in air at 500°C. X-ray diffraction measurements of the nanoporous ZnO films after heat treatment showed that, ZnO/AZO film exhibited a dominant (002) diffraction while the ZnO/FTO showed mixed diffraction peaks with the (100) and (101) being dominant. Dye-sensitized solar cells (DSC) based on the sensitization of the porous ZnO films on AZO and FTO substrates with an indoline dye were constructed. The photoaction spectrum, which is a measure of the degree of sunlight harvesting, was broad and higher in the ZnO/AZO DSC than that of the ZnO/FTO DSC. Conversion efficiency of 7.3% was obtained for the ZnO/AZO DSC while 4.5% was recorded for the ZnO/FTO. The superior photovoltaic performance of the ZnO/AZO DSC is attributed to better ZnO film orientation after thermal treatment and the higher sunlight harvesting.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationOxide Semiconductors and Thin Films
Number of pages6
Publication statusPublished - 2013
Event2012 MRS Fall Meeting - Boston, MA, United States
Duration: Nov 25 2012Nov 30 2012

Publication series

NameMaterials Research Society Symposium Proceedings
ISSN (Print)0272-9172


Other2012 MRS Fall Meeting
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityBoston, MA

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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