We examined the effects of osmolytes, sucrose and trehalose, on the deterioration of hen lysozyme as a model protein. Sucrose and trehalose depressed the aggregation of lysozyme molecules caused by heating at 100°C at pH 6. Since lysozyme was fully denatured under these conditions, the effects of sucrose and trehalose on the denatured state of lysozyme were investigated using reduced S-alkylated lysozyme, a model of denatured hen lysozyme. From analyses of circular dichroism spectra and fluorescence spectra, sucrose and trehalose were found to induce α-helical conformations and some tertiary structures around tryptophan residues in the reduced S-alkylated lysozyme. Moreover, these compounds also depressed chemical reactions such as deamidation and racemization, which often cause the deterioration of proteins, on the reduced S-alkylated lysozyme. Therefore, the data suggest that sucrose and trehalose have a propensity to depress such deterioration as the aggregation of protein molecules or chemical reactions in proteins by inducing some tertiary structures (including α-helical structures) in the polypeptide chain.
|Number of pages
|Journal of biochemistry
|Published - 2001
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology