Advanced Photocatalysts for CO2 Conversion by Severe Plastic Deformation (SPD)

Saeid Akrami, Tatsumi Ishihara, Masayoshi Fuji, Kaveh Edalati

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Excessive CO2 emission from fossil fuel usage has resulted in global warming and environmental crises. To solve this problem, the photocatalytic conversion of CO2 to CO or useful components is a new strategy that has received significant attention. The main challenge in this regard is exploring photocatalysts with high efficiency for CO2 photoreduction. Severe plastic deformation (SPD) through the high-pressure torsion (HPT) process has been effectively used in recent years to develop novel active catalysts for CO2 conversion. These active photocatalysts have been designed based on four main strategies: (i) oxygen vacancy and strain engineering, (ii) stabilization of high-pressure phases, (iii) synthesis of defective high-entropy oxides, and (iv) synthesis of low-bandgap high-entropy oxynitrides. These strategies can enhance the photocatalytic efficiency compared with conventional and benchmark photocatalysts by improving CO2 adsorption, increasing light absorbance, aligning the band structure, narrowing the bandgap, accelerating the charge carrier migration, suppressing the recombination rate of electrons and holes, and providing active sites for photocatalytic reactions. This article reviews recent progress in the application of SPD to develop functional ceramics for photocatalytic CO2 conversion.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1081
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Materials Science
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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