Adaptive mode control for low-power caches based on way-prediction accuracy

Hidekazu Tanaka, Koji Inoue

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


This paper proposes a novel cache architecture for low power consumption, called "Adaptive Way-Predicting Cache (AWP cache)." The AWP cache has multi-operation modes and dynamically adapts the operation mode based on the accuracy of way-prediction results. A confidence counter for way prediction is implemented to each cache set. In order to analyze the effectiveness of the AWP cache, we perform a SRAM design using 0.18 μm CMOS technology and cycle-accurate processor simulations. As the results, for a benchmark program (, it is observed that a performance-aware AWP cache reduces the 49% of performance overhead caused by an original way-predicting cache to 17%. Furthermore, a energy-aware AWP cache achieves 73% of energy reduction, whereas that obtained from the original way-predicting scheme is only 38%, compared to an non-optimized conventional cache. For the consideration of energy-performance efficiency, we see that the energy-aware AWP cache produces better results; the energy-delay product of conventional organization is reduced to only 35% in average which is 6% better than the original way-predicting scheme.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3274-3281
Number of pages8
JournalIEICE Transactions on Fundamentals of Electronics, Communications and Computer Sciences
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2005

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Signal Processing
  • Computer Graphics and Computer-Aided Design
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Applied Mathematics


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