Ad4BP/SF-1 regulates cholesterol synthesis to boost the production of steroids

Takashi Baba, Hiroyuki Otake, Miki Inoue, Tetsuya Sato, Yasuhiro Ishihara, Ju Yeon Moon, Megumi Tsuchiya, Kanako Miyabayashi, Hidesato Ogawa, Yuichi Shima, Lixiang Wang, Ryuichiro Sato, Takeshi Yamazaki, Mikita Suyama, Masatoshi Nomura, Man Ho Choi, Yasuyuki Ohkawa, Ken ichirou Morohashi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Citations (Scopus)


Housekeeping metabolic pathways such as glycolysis are active in all cell types. In addition, many types of cells are equipped with cell-specific metabolic pathways. To properly perform their functions, housekeeping and cell-specific metabolic pathways must function cooperatively. However, the regulatory mechanisms that couple metabolic pathways remain largely unknown. Recently, we showed that the steroidogenic cell-specific nuclear receptor Ad4BP/SF-1, which regulates steroidogenic genes, also regulates housekeeping glycolytic genes. Here, we identify cholesterogenic genes as the targets of Ad4BP/SF-1. Further, we reveal that Ad4BP/SF-1 regulates Hummr, a candidate mediator of cholesterol transport from endoplasmic reticula to mitochondria. Given that cholesterol is the starting material for steroidogenesis and is synthesized from acetyl-CoA, which partly originates from glucose, our results suggest that multiple biological processes involved in synthesizing steroid hormones are governed by Ad4BP/SF-1. To our knowledge, this study provides the first example where housekeeping and cell-specific metabolism are coordinated at the transcriptional level.

Original languageEnglish
Article number18
JournalCommunications Biology
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2018

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • General Biochemistry,Genetics and Molecular Biology
  • General Agricultural and Biological Sciences


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