We prepared a dielectric elastomer actuator composed of hydrogenated carboxylated acrylonitrile-butadiene rubber (HXNBR)/nitrile group (CN)-modified and non-modified titanium oxide (TiO2) particles with insulation properties. The CN group-containing silane coupling agent was synthesized via a thiol-ene reaction between acrylonitrile and 3-mercaptpropyltrimethoxysilane and immobilized onto the TiO2 particle surface. The HXNBR/CN-modified and non-modified TiO2 particle composite elastomer showed a high relative dielectric constant and generated stress in a low electric field. The relative dielectric constant increased proportionally with the amount of CN-modified TiO2 particles, showing a value of 22 at 100 Hz. As the dielectric constant increased, the volumetric resistivity decreased; however, the dielectric breakdown strength was maintained at 95 V/mm. The generated stress of the composite elastomer increased in proportion to the relative dielectric constant, showing a maximum of 1.9 MPa. The card-house structure of TiO2 particles in the composite elastomer is assumed to suppress the dielectric breakdown in a low electric field. Thus, we demonstrated that an elastomer containing a high dipole group on an insulating particle surface is capable of improving the power performance of soft actuators.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Chemical Engineering(all)