Electrospun polyacrylonitrile (PAN)-based nanofiber with a uniform diameter of ca. 800 nm was carbonized and steam-activated to produce activated carbon nanofiber with tailored microporosity and abundant nitrogen-containing functional groups as highly efficient adsorption sites. A remarkable amount of formaldehyde, a typical indoor pollutant, was adsorbed onto the pore surface of the PAN-based activated carbon nanofibers even at a low concentration (ca. 11 ppm), demonstrating more than twice as long as breakthrough time of formaldehyde adsorption as compared to conventional activated carbon fibers of larger fiber diameter. The tailored shallow microporosity was considered to afford the preferential adsorption of formaldehyde also in a humid environment.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)