Background Acquired resistance (AR) to an epidermal growth factor receptor-tyrosine kinase inhibitor (EGFR-TKI) is a common event, and several underlying mechanisms, including T790 M, MET amplification and PTEN downregulation, have been reported for the common EGFR mutations. EGFR G719X is an uncommon mutation that has been reported to show sensitivity to EGFR-TKIs. However, no established cell lines harboring the EGFR G719X have been reported in the literature. Materials and Methods G719S-GR cells were established from malignant pleural effusion of a patient whose tumor developed AR from gefitinib treatment. G719S-GR cells were then genotyped and tested for drug sensitivities. Multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA) was used to compare the clinical tumor samples with G719S-GR. Results G719S-GR cells were resistant to EGFR-TKIs with an LC50 of around 10 μM. A genomic analysis showed that G719S-GR cells harbor the EGFR G719S mutation as well as the amplification of EGFR locus. The homozygous deletion of CDKN2A and the loss of PTEN and TSC1 were also detected. On comparing the copy number of tumor suppressor genes using MLPA, G719S-GR cells were found to lack one copy of PTEN, which was not observed in a tumor obtained before gefitinib treatment. Loss of PTEN may result in AKT activation. The mTORC1/2 inhibitor Torin-1 was able to inhibit the downstream signaling when combined with osimertinib. Discussion The newly established G719S-GR cell line may be useful for investigating the mechanism underlying the development of AR in the G719X mutation; the loss of PTEN may be one such mechanism.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Pharmacology (medical)