A study on performance prediction of Darrieus-type hydroturbine operated in open channels using CFD with actuator disk method

Y. Suzuki, Y. Katayama, S. Watanabe, S. Tsuda, A. Furukawa

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


A performance of Darrieus-type hydroturbine is strongly influenced by the channel and flow condition. These flow conditions are different from place to place and also dependent upon the seasons, therefore it is difficult to study these influences only by experiments. On the other hand, numerical simulation can be adopted for various flow conditions. However, calculation costs are very expensive since fully unsteady simulation taking account of free surface of water should be conducted for this turbine as a cross-flow type. Then, in this paper, a simple numerical model is developed. In this model, instead of solving the complex flow field around the turbine, it is modeled by an actuator disk which imposes the total pressure difference consumed by the rotating turbine. Our previous study suggested that the head coefficient defined as the total pressure difference across the runner normalized by the dynamic pressure with area averaged flow velocity into the turbine seemed to well represent the specific performance of Darrieus-type hydroturbine. In this paper, the specific performance is determined from the experiment in one channel, and the corresponding total pressure change is locally applied to the actuator disk as a function of local inflow velocity. The predicted overall head coefficient, which is defined as the total pressure difference between far upstream and downstream normalized by area averaged velocity downstream of the turbine, is compared with experiment. As a result, when the flow velocity or depth decreases, the overall head coefficient increases. The proposed model can qualitatively reflect this influence of flow velocity and depth on the turbine performance in most cases, while quantitatively the predicted overall head coefficient is different from that in the experiments, indicating the necessity of further modification of the model for quantitative prediction.

Original languageEnglish
Article number042020
JournalIOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Mar 28 2019
Event29th IAHR Symposium on Hydraulic Machinery and Systems, IAHR 2018 - Kyoto, Japan
Duration: Sept 16 2018Sept 21 2018

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Environmental Science
  • General Earth and Planetary Sciences


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