The components of coal tar-derived mesophase pitch fibre and its blend with polyvinyl chloride (PVC) pitch were studied for chemical changes after the stabilization. Microanalyses, solubility and solid 13C NMR measurements were performed. The temperature was found to be very influential on the progress of the stabilization. At a temperature of 230° C, PVC pitch enchanced the oxygen uptake of both fusible pyridine soluble (PS) and non-fusible pyridine insoluble (PI) fractions in the pure mesophase pitch, so shortening the time required for complete stabilization and raising more rapidly the softening point of the PS fraction. More oxygen-containing functional groups, such as phenolic, ether, carboxylic and carbonyl groups, were formed in both fractions. It is noted that any increase in the aromatic ring size of the PI fraction is rather limited at this temperature. In contrast, stabilization of PVC pitch at a higher temperature of 300° C, accelerated the increase in PI without accelerating oxygen uptake of both fractions. Hence, the softening point of the remaining PS was unchanged or even lowered. An increase of aromatic ring size of the PI component by stabilization was marked at the higher temperature. Suggested stabilization schemes and the role of added PVC pitch in accelerating stabilization are discussed for each of these temperatures taking account of the above results.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- General Materials Science
- Mechanics of Materials
- Mechanical Engineering