A stationary electron hole associated with a langmuir wave

Mitsuo Kono, Masayoshi Tanaka, Heiji Sanuki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


An existence condition of a stationary electron hole associated with a Langmuir wave is examined on the basis of a phenomenological description of trapped electrons. The hole formation is possible only when the hole velocity is larger than 31/2 times electron thermal velocity, which is consistent with experiments. A hole solution is obtained analytically for small amplitude cases and numerically for large amplitude cases.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)235-238
Number of pages4
JournalPhysica Scripta
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Sept 1 1986
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Mathematical Physics
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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