The aim of the present study was to determine the effects of dietary proteins on the oxidation of dietary carbohydrate and lipids in type II diabetic mice. KK-Ay strain mice were provided free access to a high fat diet (30% of energy as fat) for an initial 4-wk period to induce diabetes. To reduce body weight gain, the mice were subsequently fed restrictive isoenergetic and isonitrogenous diets (35% of energy as protein and 5% as fat) based on either casein or soy protein isolate hydrolysate (SPI-H) for 4 wk. To measure exogenous carbohydrate and lipid oxidation, the mice were fed a diet containing 13C-glucose or 13C-triolein while they were in a respiratory chamber for 72 h. Postprandial energy expenditure was higher in the SPI-H than in the casein group; this difference was due to an increase in postprandial exogenous and endogenous carbohydrate oxidation. There were no differences in 24-h energy expenditure between dietary groups. Oxidation of exogenous carbohydrate tended to be higher (P = 0.054) in the SPI-H group during the 24 h of measurement. Fecal excretion of 13C-glucose was lower but the excretion of lipid was higher in mice fed the SPI-H diet than in casein-fed mice. These results indicate that in type II diabetic mice, dietary SPI-H not only inhibits the absorption of dietary lipids and increases the absorption of dietary carbohydrates but also augments postprandial energy expenditure, which is accompanied by a postprandial increase in oxidation of dietary carbohydrates.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Medicine (miscellaneous)
- Nutrition and Dietetics