A Simple Method for Determining the Modulation Transfer Function in Digital Radiography

Hiroshi Fujita, Du Yih Tsai, Takumi Itoh, Kunio Doi, Junji Morishita, Katsuhiko Ueda, Akiyoshi Ohtsuka

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646 Citations (Scopus)


We developed a simple method for determining the presampling modulation transfer function (MTF), which includes the unsharpness of the detector and the effect of the sampling aperture, in digital radiographic (DR) systems. With this method, the presampling MTF is determined by the Fourier transform of a “finely sampled” LSF obtained with a slightly angulated slit in a single exposure. Since the effective sampling distance becomes much smaller than the original sampling distance of the DR system, the effect of aliasing on the MTF calculations can be eliminated. We applied this method to the measurement of the presampling MTF of a computed radiographic (CR) system and discussed the directional dependence, the effect of exponential extrapolation, and the effect of different sampling distances. We showed that the technique of multiple slit exposure and exponential extrapolation of the LSF tail, which has been commonly used in analog screen-film systems, can be employed in DR systems. Furthermore, we determined the glare fraction, by means of a leaddisk method, in order to estimate the component of low-frequency drop mainly due to “glare.” The results showed that the value of glare fraction was 5-6.5% and slightly dependent on the sampling distance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)34-39
Number of pages6
JournalIEEE Transactions on Medical Imaging
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1992
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Software
  • Radiological and Ultrasound Technology
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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