Background: Cisplatin-based chemoradiotherapy is the standard treatment for unresectable, locally advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). This trial evaluated two experimental regimens that combine chemotherapy with concurrent radiotherapy. Methods: Eligible patients with unresectable stage III NSCLC were randomised to either the SP arm (S-1 and cisplatin) or VP arm (vinorelbine and cisplatin), with early concurrent thoracic radiotherapy of 60 Gy, comprising 2 Gy per daily fraction. The primary endpoint was the overall survival rate at 2 years (2-year overall survival (OS)) (Study ID: UMIN000002420). Results: From September 2009 to September 2012, 112 patients were enroled. Of the 108 eligible patients, the 2-year OS was 75.6% (80% confidence interval (CI), 67–82%) in the SP arm and 68.5% (80% CI: 60–76%) in the VP arm. The hazard ratio (HR) for death between the two arms was 0.85 (0.48–1.49). The median progression-free survival was 14.8 months for the SP arm and 12.3 months for the VP arm with an HR of 0.92 (0.58–1.44). There were four treatment-related deaths in the SP arm and five in the VP arm. Conclusions: The null hypotheses for 2-year OS were rejected in both arms. The West Japan Oncology Group will employ the SP arm as the investigational arm in a future phase III study.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cancer Research