A new shielding calculation method for X-ray computed tomography regarding scattered radiation

Hiroshi Watanabe, Kimiya Noto, Tomokazu Shohji, Yasuyoshi Ogawa, Toshioh Fujibuchi, Ichiro Yamaguchi, Hitoshi Hiraki, Tetsuo Kida, Kazutoshi Sasanuma, Yasushi Katsunuma, Takurou Nakano, Genki Horitsugi, Makoto Hosono

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


The goal of this study is to develop a more appropriate shielding calculation method for computed tomography (CT) in comparison with the Japanese conventional (JC) method and the National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements (NCRP)-dose length product (DLP) method. Scattered dose distributions were measured in a CT room with 18 scanners (16 scanners in the case of the JC method) for one week during routine clinical use. The radiation doses were calculated for the same period using the JC and NCRP-DLP methods. The mean (NCRP-DLP-calculated dose)/(measured dose) ratios in each direction ranged from 1.7 ± 0.6 to 55 ± 24 (mean ± standard deviation). The NCRP-DLP method underestimated the dose at 3.4% in fewer shielding directions without the gantry and a subject, and the minimum (NCRP-DLP-calculated dose)/(measured dose) ratio was 0.6. The reduction factors were 0.036 ± 0.014 and 0.24 ± 0.061 for the gantry and couch directions, respectively. The (JC-calculated dose)/(measured dose) ratios ranged from 11 ± 8.7 to 404 ± 340. The air kerma scatter factor κ is expected to be twice as high as that calculated with the NCRP-DLP method and the reduction factors are expected to be 0.1 and 0.4 for the gantry and couch directions, respectively. We, therefore, propose a more appropriate method, the Japanese-DLP method, which resolves the issues of possible underestimation of the scattered radiation and overestimation of the reduction factors in the gantry and couch directions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)213-226
Number of pages14
JournalRadiological physics and technology
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1 2017

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Radiation
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging


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