A new method for determining the optimal CT threshold for extracting the upper airway

H. Nakano, K. Mishima, Y. Ueda, A. Matsushita, H. Suga, Y. Miyawaki, T. Mano, Y. Mori, Y. Ueyama

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)


Objectives: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the optimal upper threshold levels of a number of individuals and determine the most suitable upper threshold. Methods: A phantom model and ten patients were used in this study. The phantom was made of acrylic resin and urethane resin and had nine pillar-shaped air spaces. The subjects were ten female patients with jaw deformities who were not affected by respiratory disease. The optimal threshold levels were determined using the "calculation of CT value disparities" (CCTD) technique, which we devised. In other words, the mean CT values along two lines (air space and soft tissue) were calculated and the optimal threshold level was determined as the level that produced the maximum difference between the CT values measured inside and outside of the air-space border. Results: The optimal upper threshold levels of the nine phantom holes calculated using the CCTD technique in the front-on standing position and side-on standing position were 2434HU and 2456 HU, respectively. The optimal upper threshold level of the ten patients calculated using the CCTD technique was 2472 HU. The true threshold level of each patient was defined as the optimal threshold level calculated using the CCTD technique. The mean threshold level was defined as 2472 HU. The absolute differences between the volume measurements obtained with these two measures were considered. Therefore, the no error values were 2460HU and 2470 HU. Conclusions: We consider that the most suitable upper threshold level for extracting the airway is from 2460HU to 2470 HU. Dentomaxillofacial Radiology (2013) 42, 26397438.

Original languageEnglish
Article number26397438
JournalDentomaxillofacial Radiology
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2013

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Medicine


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