A new approach to a two-dimensional artificial pinning center

M. Takamura, M. Mukaida, Y. Shingai, R. Teranishi, K. Yamada, N. Mori, S. Horii, A. Ichinose, R. Kita, S. Kato, K. Matsumoto, Y. Yoshida

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    7 Citations (Scopus)


    A multilayer alternately stacked a-axis oriented YBa2Cu3O7-δ and PrBa2Cu3O7-δ (Y123/Pr123 multilayer) has been grown on a SrLaGaO4 substrate with a Gd2CuO4 buffer layer by pulsed laser deposition. We used an Y123 target that contains a Pr123 sector for obtaining the Y123/Pr123 multilayer. The multilayer structure of the obtained film was confirmed by a transmission electron microscope. In magnetic field (B) angular dependences of critical current density (JC) (JC-B-θ curves), JC peaks were observed at B∥a-axis and B∥c-axis of the Y123/Pr123 multilayer. Peaks at B∥c-axis are absent in JC-B-θ curves of pure a-axis oriented Y123 films. Therefore, peaks at B∥c-axis in JC-B-θ curves of the Y123/Pr123 multilayer are attributed to Pr123 layers. This result indicates that the Y123/Pr123 multilayer has c-axis-correlated pinning centers. Consequently, it is concluded that Pr123 layers work as two-dimensional artificial pinning centers with the current direction along the b-axis.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)904-908
    Number of pages5
    JournalPhysica C: Superconductivity and its applications
    Issue numberSUPPL.
    Publication statusPublished - Oct 1 2007

    All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

    • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
    • Condensed Matter Physics
    • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
    • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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