A dual-level approach to four-component relativistic density-functional theory

Wataru Mizukami, Takahito Nakajima, Kimihiko Hirao, Takeshi Yanai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


An efficient approach to the fully relativistic density-functional theory (DFT) is proposed to accelerate Dirac-Kohn-Sham calculation that uses high-quality basis sets and hybrid exchange-correlation functional. The dual-level approach proposed by Nakajima and Hirao underlies the present method, estimating high-level four-component DFT energy perturbatively from reference density matrix, which is determined by a relatively inexpensive self-consistent calculation using low-quality basis sets and low-cost functional. A further approximation based on Infinite-Order Two-Component relativistic Hamiltonian is incorporated into the low-level treatment. Accuracy and efficiency were examined by benchmark calculation of spectroscopic values for MH, M2 (M = Cu, Ag, and Au), and AtH.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)177-181
Number of pages5
JournalChemical Physics Letters
Issue number1-3
Publication statusPublished - May 18 2011
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry


Dive into the research topics of 'A dual-level approach to four-component relativistic density-functional theory'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this