A CIP-based method for numerical simulations of violent free-surface flows

Changhong Hu, Masashi Kashiwagi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

217 Citations (Scopus)


A CFD model is proposed for numerical simulations of extremely nonlinear free-surface flows such as wave impact phenomena and violent wave-body interactions. The constrained interpolation profile (CIP) method is adopted as the base scheme for the model. The wave-body interaction is treated as a multiphase problem, which has liquid (water), gas (air), and solid (wave-maker and floating body) phases. The flow is represented by one set of governing equations, which are solved numerically on a nonuniform, staggered Cartesian grid by a finite-difference method. The free surface as well as the body boundary are immersed in the computation domain and captured by different methods. In this article, the proposed numerical model is first described. Then to validate the accuracy and demonstrate the capability, several two-dimensional numerical simulations are presented, and compared with experiments and with computations by other numerical methods. The numerical results show that the present computation model is both robust and accurate for violent free-surface flows.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)143-157
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Marine Science and Technology
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2004

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Oceanography
  • Ocean Engineering
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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