3D reconstruction of a femoral shape using a parametric model and two 2D fluoroscopic images

Ryo Kurazume, Kaori Nakamura, Toshiyuki Okada, Yoshinobu Sato, Nobuhiko Sugano, Tsuyoshi Koyama, Yumi Iwashita, Tsutomu Hasegawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Citations (Scopus)


In medical diagnostic imaging, the X-ray CT scanner and the MRI system have been widely used to examine 3D shapes and internal structures of living organisms and bones. However, these apparatuses are generally large and very expensive. Since an appointment is also required before examination, these systems are not suitable for urgent fracture diagnosis in emergency treatment. However, X-ray/fluoroscopy has been widely used as traditional medical diagnosis. Therefore, the realization of the reconstruction of precise 3D shapes of living organisms or bones from a few conventional 2D fluoroscopic images might be very useful in practice, in terms of cost, labor, and radiation exposure. The present paper proposes a method by which to estimate a patient-specific 3D shape of a femur from only two fluoroscopic images using a parametric femoral model. First, we develop a parametric femoral model by the statistical analysis of 3D femoral shapes created from CT images of 56 patients. Then, the position and shape parameters of the parametric model are estimated from two 2D fluoroscopic images using a distance map constructed by the Level Set Method. Experiments using synthesized images, fluoroscopic images of a phantom femur, and in vivo images for hip prosthesis patients are successfully carried out, and it is verified that the proposed system has practical applications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)202-211
Number of pages10
JournalComputer Vision and Image Understanding
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2009

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Software
  • Signal Processing
  • Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition


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