3D generation and reconstruction of the fuel cell catalyst layer using 2D images based on deep learning

Xuanchen Liu, Kayoung Park, Magnus So, Shota Ishikawa, Takeshi Terao, Kazuhiko Shinohara, Chiyuri Komori, Naoki Kimura, Gen Inoue, Yoshifumi Tsuge

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


The catalyst layer (CL) being the site of electrochemical reactions, is the core subunit of the membrane electrode assembly (MEA) in polymer electrolyte fuel cells (PEFCs). Thus, the porous structure of the CL has a significant influence on oxygen transfer resistance and affects the charge/discharge performance. In this study, the three-dimensional (3D) porous structure of the catalyst layer is reconstructed based on the deep convolutional generative adversarial network (DCGAN) deep learning method, utilizing focused ion beam scanning electron microscopy (FIB-SEM) microstructure graphs as training data. Each set of spatial-continuous microstructure graphs, generated by DCGAN with interpolation in latent space, is applied to build a unique 3D microstructure of the CL without the use of real FIB-SEM data. Meanwhile, distinct interpolation conditions in the DCGAN are discussed to optimize the ultimate structure by approaching the structural information to real data, including that of porosity, particle size distribution, and tortuosity. Moreover, the comparison of real and generated structural data reveal that the data generated by DCGAN shows an adjacency relationship with real data, indicating its potential applicability in the field of electrochemical simulation with reduced situational costs.

Original languageEnglish
Article number100084
JournalJournal of Power Sources Advances
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Electrochemistry
  • Materials Chemistry


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