Recently, three-dimensional (3D) observation and analysis have attracted considerable attention in materials science field. By using the synchrotron radiation, the tomography makes possible high-resolution 3D observation dynamically and the recent diffraction analysis is available for 3D orientation mapping. In this study, grain deformation behavior in polycrystalline aluminum alloy has been characterized by 3D observation method applying the synchrotron radiation. The method to measure inner strain distribution by means of microstructural features tracking provides strain distribution within the sample, which we could not access before. The effect of grain orientation and its interaction during tensile deformation was discussed with the obtained strain distribution.